Forces and Motion Wequest- Grade 4
What is your favorite ride at an amusement park? One of the most popular rides at any amusement park is the roller coaster. People are attracted to roller coasters because of the height, length, and speed at which roller coasters travel. Can you design a new coaster for Six Flags that will be original and creative, yet thrilling and exciting at the same time?
Watch the following video: Roller Coasters. You will need to enter the Flanders user name and password.
Six Flags wants to build a new roller coaster, but needs to know what forces affect roller coasters in order to build a safe ride for its customers. You have been hired by Six Flags to research information about forces and motion, and then to come up with an idea for a new coaster. After researching, you will test your coaster design ideas on specially designed websites. When you have finalized your design, you will submit this idea with a labeled sketch or drawing.
STEP 1 Research about Forces and Motion
1. Open this answer sheet. Save it in your science folder. Go to "Understanding" to learn what forces such as gravity and friction are. As you read, answer the questions on the answer sheet. (worth 3 points each):
STEP 2 Experiments with Forces and Motion
Continue your research about forces and motion by completing three on line science experiments. Read through the directions carefully on each site, and then complete the activities.
1. Experiment #1: Pushes and Pulls
A simple demonstration of how pushes and pulls affect how far an object will travel.
• .In this experiment, read through the directions at the top of the box. Don't forget to hit the light blue Reset button after each action you do.
• When finished with the whole activity, take the Quiz by pressing the yellow Quiz button near the bottom right hand corner of the demonstration box. Raise your hand when you are finished so that your teacher can see your score and you can record it on your answer sheet. This quiz is worth 10 total points.
Pushes and Pulls
2. Experiment #2: Foreces and Movement
• Read through the directions at the top of the box. Don't forget to hit the light blue Reset button after each action you do.
• When finished, take the Quiz by pressing the yellow Quiz button near the bottom right hand corner of the demonstration box. Raise your hand when you are finished so that your teacher can see your score and you can record it on your answer sheet. This quiz is worth 10 total points.
Forces and Movement
3. Experiment #3: Friction
• Click on . Read through the directions at the top of the box. Don't forget to hit the light blue Reset button after each action you do.
• When finished, take the Quiz by pressing the yellow Quiz button near the bottom right hand corner of the demonstration box. Raise your hand when you are finished so that your teacher can record your score on your answer sheet. This quiz is worth 10 total points.
STEP 3 Test Your Knowledge
Before you can begin to think about your roller coaster design, you will do some web activities to increase your knowledge about the requirements of a roller coaster from a physics standpoint. Each activity is worth 1 point. Follow these steps:
1. Activity 1: Design a Roller Coaster
At the site below, read and scroll down the page and click on the graphic that says, "Design a Roller Coaster." You must work on this activity until your coaster is correctly constructed. You will know it is correct when you get two thumbs up. Go back and make changes if you do not get it right the first time. Once you get two thumbs up, your coaster is complete. Raise your hand and show your teacher your score. Then you are ready to move onto activity 2.
Design a Roller Coaster
2. Activity 2: Funderstanding Roller Coaster
Hint: The first hill must be the tallest one.
This site loads very slowly, so you will need to be patient! Make adjustments to the current coaster using the buttons. Once you create a coaster that is able to make it through the loop, your coaster is complete. Raise your hand and show your teacher your coaster. Then you are ready to move onto activity 3.
Funderstanding Roller Coaster
3. Activity 3: Make Tracks
Build and test your roller coaster. Once you have gotten your coaster to go all the way through and the coaster train car to stay on the track, your coaster is complete and you are ready to begin step 4. Be sure to raise your hand and show your teacher your completed coaster before moving on to the next step.
4. Activity 4 : Build a Disney Coaster
Build a Disney Coaster. Design a fun coaster that is also safe! Choose "Try it" and explore the construction process. You will not complete it but get to try some of the features. Score 1 on your answer sheet.
Build a Disney Coaster
STEP 4 Design Your Coaster
Now that you have successfully researched and understand about forces such as gravity and friction, you will apply what you have learned to designing a roller coaster. You will draw a sketch of the track layout and train design for your roller coaster. In the first space, draw the complete track layout. It should be very neat. In the second space, draw a close up of the roller coaster train. It should also be very neat. Label parts of your drawings to make them very clear to your teacher. You may use any of the websites in STEP 3 to help you design your coaster.
Your sketch is worth 31 total points. Remember to include the following on your sketch:
• Your name
• The name of your roller coaster
• A labeled drawing or sketch of the roller coaster and coaster train. Include a key if needed.
• Be neat!
This WebQuest is worth a maximum of 100 points. The points can be earned as follows:
• The Research questions (36 points)
• Online Quizzes (30 points)
• The Activities (3 points)
• The Coaster Sketch (31 points)
You have learned a lot about forces such as gravity and friction by completing this WebQuest. Now that you have a good idea about what forces are you may want to expand your knowledge with the web sites included below so that maybe one day you will be able to design the fastest roller coaster in the world!
Magnets and Springs
Forces in Action
Build Your Own Paddleboat
Original Webquest by Mrs.Nase of Georgia ( edited by K. Buff, Lockhart Elem)